The diet shows that you can still eat delicious, flavourful food while losing weight.
Research has proven that people who focus on eating fresh produce, fish, whole grains and healthy fats will lose weight, and have a decreased risk for heart disease, depression and dementia.
Experts claim that by following this type of diet you will lose weight and keep it off.
The traditional diet focuses on foods that people used to eat in countries likes France, Greece, Italy and Spain in the 1960s.
During this time the rates of chronic diseases were among the lowest in the world, and their life expectancy among the highest.
The diet comprises mostly of eating plant-based foods – including fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes and nuts.
It also calls for butter to be replaced by healthy fats such as olive oil and canola oil.
The healthy living plan also encourages participants to enjoy food with family and friends, and even encourages red wine in moderation.
How does the Mediterranean diet work?
It is a generally accepted notion that people in countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea live longer and suffer less from illnesses such as cancer and cardiovascular ailments.
The Mediterranean diet is as much a set of lifestyle choices, as a diet.
You will need to exercise regularly and keep an eye on portion sizes to achieve long-term results. For the diet to encourage weight loss regular exercise is essential.
The Mediterranean diet is rich in fibre which is digested slowly – preventing swings in blood sugar, helping you to maintain a healthy weight.
Following the eating plan will also limit your intake of refined wheats, processed foods and red meat which can prevent heart disease and stroke.
A study presented at a heart disease conference in Rome claimed that those who ate a Mediterranean diet rich in vegetables, nuts, fish and oils were 37% less likely to die early than others.